Elsa Beskow and her Swedish Children's Books

Elsa Beskow was a Swedish children's book author and illustrator. She is often called the 'Beatrix Potter' of Scandinavia. Elsa Beskow's popular Swedish children's books include Peter in Blueberry Land, Children of the Forest and Pelle's New Suit. Swedish children have grown up with Elsa Beskow's books for over 100 years.

Like Elsa Beskow on Facebook and join our mailing list to stay up to date with the latest information on Elsa Beskow books and offers.

Elsa Beskow BiographyElsa Beskow Books and Illustrations
Elsa Beskow GiftsElsa Beskow Calendar

Elsa Beskow 1874-1953: Biography

Elsa Beskow Childhood

Photograph of Elsa Beskow, author of Swedish children's books, age about 27

Elsa Beskow was born in Stockholm, Sweden, on 11 February 1874 to Bernt Maartman (1841-1889), whose family came from Bergen in Norway, and Augusta Fahlstedt (1850-1915). Elsa Beskow was the second of six children: she had one older brother, Hans, and four younger sisters.

Elsa grew up with fairy tales all around her, and started telling stories of her own even before she could speak properly. She told stories to her older brother Hans, who would help her find the right words and give suggestions on the plot. Her maternal grandmother Johanna taught her the old nursery rhyme of The Little Old Woman, which inspired Elsa's first book, The Tale of the Little, Little Old Woman, published in 1897.

Elsa Beskow and Nature

Illustration from Elsa Beskow, The Flowers' Festival

As a child Elsa Beskow would spend hours drawing trees and flowers in spring and summer, and she was nicknamed 'Princess' by her siblings. She gained a wide knowledge of plants and flowers, and her illustrations as an adult retained a child's pure and wondrous view of nature.

Elsa Beskow and the Swedish women's movement

Illustration of Mrs Chestnut from The Flowers' FestivalElsa was very close to her father Bernt, who was outgoing and full of good-natured pranks. He died when Elsa was just 15 years old, and the family moved in with their maternal aunts and uncle, who were already living together.

Literature, music and art became the central focus of their home. During this time the Swedish women's movement was growing in strength, a cause supported in Elsa Beskow's new home. Her upbringing was liberal and she was raised to stand up for her ideals. These values are reflected in her children's picture books. The Flowers' Festival, from 1914, argues for freedom of speech for everyone, and some suggest that Mrs Chestnut (left), in her loose-fitting dress, is depicted as pregnant – a daring thing to do at a time when the middle classes were of the view that pregnant women should be kept out of sight.

Photograph of Elsa Beskow, Swedish children's author and illustrator, reading to a large group of children

Elsa Beskow and Holistic Education

Elsa Beskow's aunts and uncle had progressive views of parenting and education, and they began a school where children learned through games and enjoyment and with focus on understanding what they studied. Elsa Beskow appears to have been affected by these views. In the story of Doktor Klokamundus (Doctor Clever Cloggs, in Muntergök 1919), the invention of a learning machine can be seen as a critique of the established school system where the method of teaching was forcing information without consideration of comprehension and effective learning.

Aunt Green, Aunt Brown, Aunt Lavender
and Uncle Blue

Elsa Beskow's life with her extended family inspired her 'Aunt series' of books (now available as part of The Elsa Beskow Peter and Lotta Collection): Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender (1918), Aunt Brown's Birthday (1925), Peter and Lotta's Adventure (1929), Uncle Blue's New Boat (1942) and Peter and Lotta's Christmas (1947).

The Elsa Beskow Peter and Lotta Collection Peter and Lotta's Christmas

Elsa Beskow and the First World War

Elsa Beskow began writing the 'Aunt' stories during the First World War. During the war Elsa Beskow was afraid, depressed and angry at the state of the world, and she used her own experiences and memories from her childhood with the aunts and uncle to create an idyllic world into which she could escape.

Elsa Beskow Marriage, Work and Adult Life

Elsa Beskow and Illustration

Photograph of Elsa Beskow and Nathaniel Beskow in 1937

From 1892 to 95 Elsa Beskow studied drawing at Konstfack, University College of Arts, Crafts and Design (then called Tekniska Skolan, Stockholm) and it was during this time she began drawing for children. Elsa Beskow's drawings and writings were first published by the children's magazine Jultomten (Father Christmas) in 1894.

Elsa Maartman married Nathaniel Beskow (1865-1953) (left) in 1897. They met when they were both studying art - Elsa was a model for Nathaniel's paintings. However, Nathaniel Beskow changed direction and resumed his interrupted theology studies. Instead of being the wife of a fellow artist, as she had expected, Elsa Beskow became the wife of a doctor of theology. Together they had six sons between the years 1899 and 1914, and Elsa Beskow supported the growing family by producing one new book a year, as Nathaniel Beskow's work did not bring in much money. She described her married life as 'every year another book and every other year a boy'.

From 1900 the Beskow family lived in the liberal community of Djursholm, a suburb of Stockholm. Elsa took care of the house and children while working on her stories and illustrations.

Elsa Beskow's sons

Photograph of Elsa Beskow, Swedish children's author and illustrator, reading a picture book with children

Outwardly Elsa was happy and positive, but she carried a major sorrow: one of her sons, Dag, was killed in an accident just before his eighth birthday. Despite the tragedy, later in life she said: 'Life has been like a bowl, filled with a precious liquid. I didnít want to spill a single drop.'

Nathaniel and Elsa Beskow's son Gunnar Beskow (1901-1991) became an author and geologist. He did groundbreaking work which laid the foundations for modern-day Sweden's stance on environmental and green issues.

Their son Bo Beskow (1906-1989) became a famous artist and author. His work included portraits, glass paintings in several churches around Sweden, and murals at the United Nations headquarters in New York. Bo described his mother in the autobiographical book, Krokodilens middag: 'Mother could work magic. Sometimes when it was grey and cloudy, she would take a stick and stir up the clouds and say: "Come out, sun!" and the sun came out.'

Elsa Beskow and Commercial Success

Photograph of Elsa Beskow, Swedish children's author and illustrator, aged about 70

Elsa Beskow's debut book, Sagan om den Lilla Lilla Gumman, The Tale of the Little, Little Old Woman, was released in the same year she married. However, her commercial breakthrough came in 1901 with Peter in Blueberry Land. This was also the first book to be translated, into German in 1903. From then, Elsa's Swedish picture books became hugely popular and have been translated into many languages including Arabic, English, French, Dutch, Japanese and Korean.

Elsa's picture books were inspired by her life and her surroundings. Her sons became models for her drawings of children. All her child characters had a basis in reality and she created one picture book for each of her sons. Elsa Beskow's family lived in an old wooden mansion in Djursholm, outside of Stockholm in Sweden. The house had a huge, wild garden from which Elsa drew inspiration for her wonderful images of flowers and plants. Nature is always prominent in her picture books: they are full of flowers, plants, trees, animals and mountains. She combined reality with fantasy and fairy tales; children meet elves and goblins, animals talk and acorns come to life. Elsa Beskow told her stories to her children and later to her grandchildren.

She continued writing and illustrating Swedish picture books throughout her life. She also illustrated A-B-C books and songbooks for Swedish schools. Elsa Beskow's final book, Röda bussen och gröna bilen, was produced at the age of 78.

Elsa Beskow and Awards

Elsa Beskow's style dominated Swedish children's picture books for over 50 years and inspired many artists. In 1958 the Elsa Beskow Plaque, for the artist of the year's best Swedish picture book, was established. Its recipients include Sven Nordqvist, Tove Jansson and Eva Eriksson.

Photograph of Elsa Beskow, author of Swedish children's books, reading with a young child

Elsa Beskow's Legacy

Elsa Beskow died on 30th June 1953 at the age of 79. Her legacy lives on, as generations have grown up with her charming and whimsical stories about flower folk, curious elves, adventurous children and the beauty of nature.

Elsa Beskow became Sweden's best-loved children's book illustrator and for over one hundred years Swedish children have grown up with her books. Her illustrations take the reader back to an idyllic Sweden at the turn of the 20th century. Elsa Beskow's books transcend nationality and time and are true classics. Illustration from Peter and Lotta's Adventure by Elsa Beskow

Elsa Beskow Books and Illustration

Elsa Beskow Books in Chronological Order

Elsa Beskow, The Tale of the Little, Little Old Woman cover image

The Tale of the Little, Little Old Woman
Sagan om den Lilla Lilla Gumman (1897)

This is a simple tale about a little woman who lives in a little house with a little cat. One day the little cat climbs up on the table where the little woman has placed the bowl of milk...

This was Elsa Beskow's first published book. Originally the story ended with the phrase 'Shoo cat!' In the next edition the publisher added 'And the cat ran away and never returned', because that was how the editor remembered the nursery rhyme. Fifty years later, Elsa Beskow changed it again, adding 'But maybe he came back after all', as many children had been upset by the previous ending.

Barnen på Solbacka (1898)

Elsa Beskow, Peter in Blueberry Land cover image

Peter in Blueberry Land
Puttes Äventyr i blåbärsskogen (1901)

Peter is looking for blueberries for his mother's birthday but he can't find a single one. Suddenly he feels a light tap on his shoe, and a strange and magical adventure begins.

Also available:

Blommornas bok (1905, illustrator)

Gnällmåns (1905)

Elsa Beskow, Ollie's Ski Trip cover image

Ollie's Ski Trip
Ollies Skidfärd (1907)

Six-year-old Ollie is given his first pair of real skis. As soon as the snow begins to fall he heads off into the woods and meets sparkling Jack Frost, who shoos away damp Mrs Thaw. Jack Frost takes him on an adventure to the palace of King Winter. Ollie has a wonderful time in a huge snowball fight! But will Mrs Thaw return too soon to enjoy the snow?

Also available:

Elsa Beskow, Thumbelina cover image

Tumelisa (1908, illustrator)

Elsa Beskow's charming illustrations bring to life this classic Hans Christian Andersen tale of a thumb-sized girl who has big adventures.

Elsa Beskow, Children of the Forest cover image

Children of the Forest
Tomtebobarnen (1910)

The children of the forest live deep in the roots of an old pine tree. They collect wild mushrooms and blueberries and shelter under toadstools when it rains. They play with the squirrels and frogs, and when autumn comes, they collect and prepare food to see them through the long winter, until the warm spring breeze starts to blow.

Also available:

Elsa Beskow, Pelle's New Suit cover image

Pelle's New Suit
Pelles Nya Kläder (1912)

Pelle has a lamb whose coat grows longer and longer, while Pelle's Sunday suit grows shorter! Pelle shears the lamb, and the wool is carded, spun, dyed and woven. Finally, the tailor makes a new suit for Pelle.

Also available:

Elsa Beskow, The Flowers' Festival cover image

The Flowers' Festival
Blomsterfesten i Täppan (1914)

A lucky little girl is invited by the flower fairies to the Midsummer festival. The flowers and bumblebees and birds tell their enchanting stories, while Pea-blossom and the Dew-cups serve refreshments.

Also available:

Sagobok (1915)

Görans bok (1916)

Elsa Beskow, Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender cover image

Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender
Tant Grön, Tant Brun och Tant Gredelin (1918)

This is the first of the classic 'Peter and Lotta' or 'Aunt' series, inspired by Elsa Beskow's childhood memories of living with her aunts and uncle. Filled with Elsa Beskow's characteristic humour and charm, it tells how the two children come to meet the aunts known as Aunt Green, Aunt Lavender, Aunt Brown, and their little black poodle, Dot. This book is now out of print but is available in full as part of The Elsa Beskow Peter and Lotta Collection.

Muntergök, Sagobok (1919)

Elsa Beskow, Christopher's Garden cover image

Christopher's Garden
Lasse Liten i Trädgården (1920)

Christopher meets the spirit of September in the garden, and is introduced to all the harvest folk: the Gooseberry girls and boys, old man Black-Currant, the misses Plum and the proud Strawberries.

Lillebrors segelfärd (1921)

Bubbelemuck (1921)

Borgmästar Munte (1922)

Elsa Beskow, Rosalind and the Little Deer cover image

Rosalind and the Little Deer
Sagan om den lilla hinden (1924)

Rosalind loves playing with her little deer in the forest. Then one day it is captured by a king and kept in a golden cage. Can the little girl persuade the king to let her friend go free?

Elsa Beskow, Aunt Brown's Birthday cover image

Aunt Brown's Birthday
Tant Bruns Födelsedag (1925)

The second book in the "Aunts" series. Aunt Green and Aunt Lavender want to buy Aunt Brown a new hat and lace collar for her birthday, to match her dress. But how can they borrow her dress without her finding out about the surprise? This book is now out of print but is available in full as part of The Elsa Beskow Peter and Lotta Collection.

Elsa Beskow, Around the Year cover image

Around the Year
Årets Saga (1927)

Delightful verses and delicate, playful illustrations take young children through the special joys of each month of the year, from icy February to the green shoots of April, the red poppies of July, September's apples and the delights of December.

Also available:

Elsa Beskow, Peter and Lotta's Adventure cover image

Peter and Lotta's Adventure
Petter och Lotta på Äventyr (1929)

Third book in the "Aunts" series. When Peter and Lotta give away one of their kittens, they find themselves having a day full of adventures including the excitement of the fair. But will they manage to get home safely? This book is now out of print but is available in full as part of The Elsa Beskow Peter and Lotta Collection.

Elsa Beskow, The Children of Hat Cottage cover image

The Children of Hat Cottage
Hattstugan (1930)

Three children and their mother live in a cottage shaped like a hat, on a little island. A charming story about help from unexpected places.

Elsa Beskow, The Sun Egg cover image

The Sun Egg
Solägget (1932)

A mysterious orange egg has fallen into the woods. 'It's a sun egg!' declares the elf who finds it nestled on the forest floor. Soon she and her friends find out what it really is, but not before the little elf goes off on one of the best adventures she has ever had.

Also available:

Elsa Beskow, The Land of Long Ago cover image

The Land of Long Ago
Landet Långthärifrån (1932)

Kelly and Kai love to play on the gnarled old tree trunk outside their cottage in the woods: sometimes it becomes a horse, sometimes a crocodile and sometimes even a dragon. One day a mischievous gnome makes the tree trunk come to life, and the children are whisked off to the Land of Long Ago on the back of the old tree dragon. On their incredible journey Kelly and Kai meet a princess, rescue a knight and trick the king of the trolls. But will the old tree dragon stay alive long enough to bring them home again?

Elsa Beskow, The Curious Fish cover image

The Curious Fish
Sagan om den Nyfikna Abborren (1933)

When Flash, a very curious little fish, is caught and held prisoner on dry land, his aunts and uncles are determined to save him. But how can they leave the water to go to his rescue? With the help of a wise old frog and a little magic, even the most unlikely wishes can come true.

Also available:

Elsa Beskow, Princess Sylvie cover image

Princess Sylvie
Sessalätts Äventyr (1934)

Princess Sylvie persuades her father, the king, to leave the palace gardens and walk in the woods. The king is unsure. What might be in the woods? Then Sylvie's dog Oskar runs off after a long-eared hare and Sylvie's adventures begin.

Elsa Beskow, Woody, Hazel and Little Pip cover image

Woody, Hazel and Little Pip
Ocke, Nutta och Pillerill (1939)

This delightful autumn story describes the woodland adventures of two acorn children who get carried away by the blustery autumn wind. Mr Squirrel and Hazel, the youngest Hazelnut child, go off in search of them and encounter a grumpy troll and the Chestnut boys along the way.

Also available:

Elsa Beskow, Emily and Daisy cover image

Emily and Daisy
Duktiga Annika (1941)

Emily is a helpful little girl, so when her mummy is worried that Daisy the cow will escape into the clover field through a hole in the fence, she offers to go and look after Daisy for the day. On the way, she meets a big dog, a boastful boy and an old man with a sack. But when she gets to the meadow, she realises she needs help with Daisy, and to mend the fence. Who can she turn to?

Elsa Beskow, Uncle Blue's New Boat cover image

Uncle Blue's New Boat
Farbror Blås Nya Båt (1942)

This fourth book in the "Aunts" series tells the adventure of the children's trip in Uncle Blue's new boat. The children set out for a picnic on an island together with the three colourful aunts, Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender. While the adults are having a nap, Peter and Lotta decide to go and practise their rowing, but disaster strikes when they become distracted and accidentally lose the oars. This book is now out of print but is available in full as part of The Elsa Beskow Peter and Lotta Collection.

ABC-resan (1945)

Elsa Beskow, Peter and Lotta's Christmas cover image

Peter and Lotta's Christmas
Petters och Lottas Jul (1947)

The final book in the "Aunts" series. Peter and Lotta go to live in the country with Aunt Green, Aunt Brown, Aunt Lavender and Uncle Blue. As Christmas approaches, they discover all kinds of new surprises, but best of all is finding where the presents come from. Is it from deep in the forest where the tallest fir trees grow?

Elsa Beskow, Peter's Old House cover image

Peter's Old House
Herr Peter (1949)

Peter lives in a shabby old house in the village. He builds boats for the children, shows visitors around in ten different languages, and is the village doctor and handyman. Then one day an official tells him his house must be mended or pulled down.

Röda Bussen Gröna Bilen (1952)

This was Elsa Beskow's last children's picture book, written and illustrated at the age of 78.

Elsa Beskow Gifts
The Art of Elsa Beskow cover image

The Art of Elsa Beskow: 20 Pull-Out Frameable Prints

This beautiful collection of twenty pull-out frameable prints includes iconic illustrations from some of Elsa Beskow's best-loved books, showcasing her classic whimsical style and celebration of nature. Printed on sturdy, high-quality card, using plant-based inks.

The Elsa Beskow Peter and Lotta Collection cover image

The Elsa Beskow Peter and Lotta Collection

A beautiful gift edition of four classic stories from Elsa Beskow's cherished Peter and Lotta series, also starring Aunt Green, Aunt Brown, Aunt Lavender and Uncle Blue.

Elsa Beskow Baby Book cover image

The Elsa Beskow Baby Book

This beautiful baby record book is illustrated throughout with Elsa Beskow's classic artwork. With plenty of room for photographs and keepsakes, parents and grandparents can record all the important developments and happy memories in their child's early life, to share in the years to come.

Elsa Beskow Alphabet Book cover image

The Elsa Beskow Alphabet Book

A charming alphabet book for everyone who loves Elsa Beskow's classic picture books. Beautifully presented with several pages for each letter and featuring illustrations from Elsa Beskow's beloved book collection.

An Elsa Beskow Gift Collection cover image

An Elsa Beskow Gift Collection: Children of the Forest and other Beautiful Books

A charming collection of mini editions of five classic books: Children of the Forest, The Flowers' Festival, Pelle's New Suit, Woody, Hazel and Little Pip and the never-before-available mini edition of Princess Sylvie.

An Elsa Beskow Gift Collection cover image

An Elsa Beskow Gift Collection: Peter in Blueberry Land and other Beautiful Books

Another charming collection of mini editions of five classic Elsa Beskow books, including: Peter in Blueberry Land, Around the Year, Ollie's Ski Trp, The Sun Egg and an exclusive edition of Emily and Daisy.

Elsa Beskow Calendar Elsa Beskow Calendar cover image

Since 2011, Floris Books has published an annual Elsa Beskow Calendar. It is a large-format, month-to-view appointment calendar, with lots of space for writing important events, birthdays and reminders.

The Elsa Beskow Calendar is beautifully illustrated with Elsa Beskow's seasonal artwork. Every year has different pictures. At the end of the year, many people cut up the calendar to make attractive Elsa Beskow posters!

Like Elsa Beskow? Sign up now to get the latest info on new picture books
from Floris, straight to your inbox

Choose your subject(s):

Illustration from Swedish children's book, Elsa Beskow, Princess Sylvie