Earth, Water, Fire and Air

Playful Explorations in the Four Elements

Walter Kraul; Translated by Donald Maclean

Out of print

Quick Look

Encourages children's interest in the natural world with a range of activities, games and toys to make using one of the four elements. Also introduces some basic science, such as gravity, momentum and light refraction, in fun and creative ways.

229 x 210 mm
Floris Books
Crafts & Activities
colour illustrations
Age Range:
From 6 to 12 years
104 pages
Publication date:
23 Sep 2010
3rd edition


This book encourages children's interest in the natural world, showing a broad range of activities, games and toys to make that involve one of the four elements: earth, water, fire or air. The projects also introduce children to basic scientific principles -- such as gravity, momentum and light refraction -- in fun and creative ways.

Full instructions and diagrams are provided for making projects such as a waterwheel, paddle-steamer, propeller plane, parachute, windmill, simple pendulum clock, spinning tops, hot-air balloon and much more. Some are simple enough for a six-year-old, others are challenging enough for a twelve-year-old to enjoy.

This new edition includes updated colour photographs and diagrams as well as a handful of new activities for all children to enjoy.


'Walter Krause's beautifully presented book is a thoughtful exploration of the imaginative play which occurs when children engage freely with natural environments ... Parents who are interested in Steiner education would find this book particularly interesting but it would also appeal to any parent who is interested in creative, informal and play-based approaches to science.'
-- Home Education Advisory Service Bulletin


Walter Kraul taught maths and physics at the Rudolf Steiner School in Munich, Germany. He has years of experience developing fun and educational toys and experiment sets connected with the four elements, and runs a specialist toy company, Spielzeug Kraul.

You can also visit the author's own website at

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