The Human Organs

Their Functional and Psychological Significance: Liver, Lung, Kidney, Heart

Walter Holtzapfel; Translated by Roland Everett

Out of print

Quick Look

  • A new edition of a classic text exploring the connection between the body and the soul
  • Holtzapfel examines the characteristics of the four main organs: the liver, lung, kidney and heart
  • This book will be of interest to educators, doctors and nurses working with people with special needs

Explores the connection between key organs and various psychological disorders.

216 x 138 mm
Floris Books
Special Needs Education
120 pages
Publication date:
24 Oct 2013
3rd edition


Dr Walter Holtzapfel draws the connection between bodily processes and the life of the soul, with each affecting the other at different times. He systematically examines the characteristics of the liver, lung, kidney and heart, and applies the knowledge to various psychological disorders and conditions.

This book is based on lectures on curative education given by the author in Switzerland and Germany. Although the approach is through the four main human organs, it will be of interest to educators, doctors and nurses working with people with special needs.

Table of Contents

Organs and Organism
The Liver is the Basis of Courage for Action
The Lung engenders Firmness of Thought
The Kidney lends Vigour to the Temperament
The Heart is the Basis of Inner Stability
Wider Connections in the Human Organism


Walter Holtzapfel (1912-1994) was an expert in the field of special needs education. He worked as a medical consultant in Waldorf schools and lectured in training colleges for special education in Germany and Switzerland. He is the author of numerous books and articles. For some years, he was leader of the Medical Section at the Goetheanum in Dornach.

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