Necessary Evil

Origin and Purpose

Hans-Werner Schroeder; Translated by James H. Hindes

Available (printed to order)

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Shows how the polarity of two kinds of evil, with good as a balance between them, manifests itself in earthly history.

234 x 156 mm
Floris Books
Religion & Spirituality
224 pages
Publication date:
24 Mar 2022
2nd edition


Why is there suffering, sickness and death? Why is no corner of human life and society immune from egotism, fear, tyranny, betrayal and guilt? What was God thinking when he allowed evil to come into existence?

Drawing on the worldview of Rudolf Steiner, the author explains that the roots of evil lie with angelic beings. Schroeder discusses evil's prehistory in heaven and shows how the polarity of two kinds of evil, with good as a balance between them, manifests itself in earthly history, and in the areas of education, work, human relationships, sexuality, religion and technology.

With the increased influence of evil in today's world, Schroeder considers how prayer, meditation and angelic guidance through reincarnation give us the possibility to overcome evil in all its forms.


'This book is most certainly the immensely useful and enlightening creation of a mature and wise anthroposophist. My partner read this book before I did and remarked upon how it was both enormously challenging to read and yet also almost un-put-down-able. It is difficult to imagine a stronger recommendation than this.'
-- Richard House, New View

'Explains Rudolf Steiner's philosophy of evil and shows how evil can be overcome and transformed -- there is an interesting chapter on evil in fairytale.'
-- Scientific & Medical Network Review


Hans-Werner Schroeder (1931-2016) was a priest of the Christian Community. He taught at the seminary in Stuttgart and was the author of The Cosmic Christ, Necessary Evil, The Trinity and The Healing Power of Prayer (all Floris Books).

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