Will-Developed Intelligence

The Handwork and Practical Arts Curriculum in Waldorf Schools

David Mitchell and Patricia Livingston

Out of print

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Explores the craft curriculum for Classes 1--8 and through High School, considering the benefits of particular activities for children's cognition and developing will.

254 x 178 mm
Waldorf Publications
Steiner-Waldorf Education; Waldorf Publications
colour and b/w illustrations
210 pages
Publication date:
01 Jan 2007
2nd edition


The handwork and practical arts curriculum in Waldorf schools stimulates children's creative powers. At the same time, it establishes an aesthetic confidence by developing the child's will -- that part of us which interacts with the world, and lays the foundation for our thinking.

This masterly book argues that only by working with their hands does our children's cognition develop as it should. It examines the craft curriculum from Years 1 to 8, and all the way through High School. This is a wonderful curriculum resource for Waldorf teachers which includes numerous practical projects, as well as exploring the particular benefits that the activities have.


David Mitchell was a Waldorf teacher for 35 years. Latterly he was Chair of Publications for the Association of Waldorf Schools of North America (AWSNA). He died in 2012.

Patricia Livingston taught handwork for 27 years at the Rudolf Steiner School in New York City. Now retired, she lives near Great Barrington, Massachusetts.

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